Monday, August 24, 2020
Survey the significance of school factors, for example, bigotry and pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ reaction to prejudice in making ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment. Bigotry is an arrangement of convictions that characterizes individuals as prevalent or second rate, and legitimizes their inconsistent treatment, based on organic contrasts, for example, skin shading. Singular bigotry alludes to the partial perspectives and oppressive conduct of people. Institutional bigotry exists when the normal ways an association works have supremacist results paying little heed to the goals of the people inside it. Prejudice and pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ reaction to bigotry are interior components which implies they occur inside schools and the instruction framework they may cause ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment which alludes to the distinctions in instructive accomplishment between the ethnic gatherings inside schools for instance, Black and Pakistani understudies do most exceedingly terrible at GCSE and Indians and Chinese do best as bolstered by the DfES (2007). Despite the fact that inner variables may have added to ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment, outer factors outside of the training framework, for example, pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ being substantially denied may likewise influence ethnic contrasts in accomplishment. The thing appears to help the recommendation that school factors, for example, prejudice and pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ reaction to bigotry may cause ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment as the thing states Ã¢â¬ËBangladeshi, dark and Pakistani students accomplish less well than different understudies at all phases of training which is upheld by the DfES (2007) that found on normal a little more than a portion of all Bangladeshi, dark and Pakistani young ladies left school with at least five GCSE grades A*-C. Anyway this was a ton lower for young men with just a portion of Bangladeshi young men leaving school with at least five GCSE grades A*-C and not as much as this for Pakistani and dark young men. The thing utilizes Gillborn and Youdell (2000) to clarify these distinctions similar to the consequence of instructor bigotry this is bolstered by Jenny Bourne (1994) who discovered, schools will in general observe dark pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ as a danger and would name them adversely, driving in the long run to avoidance. They thing likewise recommends that that sex contrasts have a significant influence in making ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment as it has been discovered that among white and dark common laborers understudies young ladies show improvement over young men, yet among Asians young men show improvement over young ladies. In general the thing appears to accept that factors inside school, for example, naming and instructor prejudice lead to ethnic minority understudies being dealt with distinctively in this way being not able tofulfil their actual potential as they feel as if they are less significant and less time and consideration is given to them prompting ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment. Because of negative supremacist names, educators may treat ethnic minority understudies in an unexpected way, disadvantaging them and realizing an unavoidable outcome that prompts under-accomplishment as Gillborn and Youdell (2000) discovered instructors had Ã¢â¬Ëracialised expectationsÃ¢â¬â¢ about dark students and considered their to be as undermining and dark understudies felt just as they were belittled by instructors. Gillborn and Youdell presume that contention between white educators and dark understudies originates from instructors supremacist generalizations as opposed to pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ genuine conduct. This can cause under-accomplishment since it prompts: significant levels of dark young men being avoided and dark understudies being set in lower sets or streams. This investigation unmistakably underpins the recommendation that school factors make ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment as the examination proposes that instructors low desires for dark understudies prompts them being dealt with diversely and persecuted by educators driving them under accomplishing. Research has additionally discovered that Asian students are likewise generalized by instructors as Wright (1992) discovered Asian understudies were generalized by their educators and rewarded in an unexpected way: They were viewed as an issue and were regularly overlooked and instructors accepted that Asian students would have a poor handle of English and would utilize oversimplified words when educating them. This investigation is a touch of amazing as Asian understudies have the most elevated level of students leaving school with at least five GCSE grades A*-C. Understudies may respond in a wide range of approaches to bigot naming in school, including framing or joining student subcultures this may prompt the under-accomplishment of ethnic minority bunches making ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment. Sewell (1998) found that dark young men received a scope of reactions to teachersÃ¢â¬â¢ supremacist naming of them as insubordinate and hostile to class. One response was to join a subculture known as the Ã¢â¬ËrebelsÃ¢â¬â¢ they were a little yet exceptionally noticeable minority of dark students. They dismissed the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives and leads and adjusted rather to the generalization of the Ã¢â¬Ëblack macho ladÃ¢â¬â¢. They detested both white young men and conventionalist dark young men. Their point was to accomplish the status of Ã¢â¬Ëstreet hoodÃ¢â¬â¢. OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell and Sharpe (2000) found a macho Ã¢â¬ËwarriorÃ¢â¬â¢ reaction like the Ã¢â¬ËrebelsÃ¢â¬â¢ among some Asian young men. Be that as it may, notwithstanding just a little minority of dark and Asian young men really fitting the generalization of Ã¢â¬Ëmacho ladÃ¢â¬â¢,teachers would in general observe all along these lines. This brought about the under-accomplishment of numerous young men, because of separation of instructors. Anyway considers show that not all minority ethnic understudies who are adversely marked acknowledge and comply with names. Some stay focused on prevailing regardless of supremacist naming: Fuller (1984) contemplated a gathering of high accomplishing dark young ladies in year 11 of a London thorough. The young ladies kept up a positive mental self portrait by dismissing teachersÃ¢â¬â¢ generalizations of them. They perceived the estimation of instruction and were resolved to accomplish. They didnÃ¢â¬â¢t look for teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s endorsement and remained companions with dark young ladies in lower streams. This investigation would restrict the recommendation as this examination proposes that not every person that is marked in an antagonistic and bigot path fits in with their name or acknowledges that they won't accomplish inside instruction. Numerous sociologists contend that in spite of the fact that the supremacist marking rehearsed by certain instructors is significant, it's anything but a sufficient clarification for the boundless ethnic contrasts found in accomplishment. Rather, they contend, institutional bigotry must be centered around. Institutional bigotry is oppression ethnic minorities that is incorporated with the way foundations, for example, schools and universities work on a standard premise, as opposed to the expectations of individual instructors. The ethnocentric educational plan is a significant case of institutional bigotry. Ã¢â¬ËEthnocentricÃ¢â¬â¢ alludes to perspectives or arrangements that organize a culture or one specific ethnic gathering whist ignoring others. Numerous sociologists have contended that the educational plan inside British schools is ethnocentric. Troyna and Williams note that it offers need to white culture and the English language. While Ball sees the history educational plan in British schools as reproducing a Ã¢â¬Ëmythical age and past gloriesÃ¢â¬â¢, while simultaneously overlooking the historical backdrop of dark and Asian individuals. This may bring about minority ethnic gathering understudies feeling that they and their way of life are not esteemed in training and this reduces their feeling of confidence, which negatively affects their instructive accomplishment as they feel just as they are useless making them under-accomplish. The CRE (1992) investigation of Ã¢â¬ËJayleighÃ¢â¬â¢ school found that Asian students were reliably positioned in lower sets and were less inclined to be entered for tests making them under-accomplish bringing about ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment. So also, the operations of the Ã¢â¬ËA-C economyÃ¢â¬â¢ implied that dark understudies were set in lower sets and hadless possibility of picking up capabilities. Despite the fact that inner variables may have added to ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment, outer factors outside of the training framework, for example, may likewise influence ethnic contrasts in accomplishment. Social hardship hypothesis asserts that the under-accomplishment of some ethnic gatherings is brought about by insufficient socialization in the home. This clarification has two primary perspectives: Intellect and language abilities Ã¢â¬ social hardship hypothesis asserts that youngsters from low-pay dark families need scholarly incitement. Therefore, they neglect to create thinking and critical thinking aptitudes. Bereiter and Engelmann guarantee that the language of more unfortunate dark families is ungrammatical and disconnected. Accordingly, their kids can't communicate dynamic thoughts a significant boundary to instructive achievement. Some case that kids who don't communicate in English at home might be kept down instructively. This could cause the ethnic contrasts inside instructive accomplishment as indicated by social hardship scholars ethnic minority students would do not have the capacity to prevail at tests. The other part of the clarification of social hardship adding to under-accomplishment is perspectives, qualities and family structure. Contrasts in mentalities and qualities towards instruction might be the aftereffect of socialization. Most youngsters are associated into the standard culture, which ingrains competiveness and a longing to accomplish, hence preparing them for achievement in training However a few kids are not associated along these lines and the absence of a male good example for some African-Caribbean young men may urge them to go to an enemy of instructive macho Ã¢â¬Ëgang cultureÃ¢â¬â¢. Murray (1984) contends that the high pace of solitary guardians and an absence of positive male good examples lead to the under-accomplishment of some minority students causing ethnic contrasts in instructive accomplishment. This is support by Moynihan (1965) who contends that the nonattendance of a male job mode delivers deficiently mingled
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Nothosaurus - Facts and Figures Name: Nothosaurus (Greek for bogus reptile); articulated NO-tho-SORE-us Living space: Seas around the world Authentic Period: Triassic (250-200 million years back) Size and Weight: Around 10 feet in length and 150-200 pounds Diet: Fish and shellfish Recognizing Characteristics: Since a long time ago, tightened body; restricted head with various teeth; semi-amphibian way of life About Nothosaurus With its webbed front and back feet, adaptable knees and lower legs, and long neck and tightened bodynot to specify its various teethNothosaurus was a considerable marine reptile that succeeded over the about 50 million years of the Triassic time frame. Since it looks to some extent like present day seals, scientistss guess that Nothosaurus may have spent probably a portion of its time ashore; plainly this vertebrate inhaled air, as prove by the two nostrils on the top finish of its nose, and in spite of the fact that it was without a doubt a smooth swimmer, it wasnt too adjusted to a full-time sea-going way of life as later pliosaurs and plesiosaurs like Cryptoclidus and Elasmosaurus. (Nothosaurus is the most popular of the group of marine reptiles known as nothosaurs; another very much authenticated variety is Lariosaurus.) Despite the fact that its not broadly known to the overall population, Nothosaurus is one of the most significant marine reptiles in the fossil record. There are over twelve named types of this remote ocean predator, running from the sort species (N. mirabilis, raised in 1834) to N. zhangi, raised in 2014, and it evidently had an overall conveyance during the Triassic time frame, with fossil examples found as far abroad as western Europe, northern Africa and eastern Asia. There is likewise theory that Nothosaurus, or a firmly related class of nothosaur, was the inaccessible precursor of the goliath plesiosaurs Liopleurodon and Cryptoclidus, which were a request for extent greater and increasingly hazardous!
Saturday, July 18, 2020
Overview of Paxil for Panic Disorder Panic Disorder Treatment Print An Overview of Paxil for Panic Disorder By Katharina Star, PhD facebook linkedin Katharina Star, PhD, is an expert on anxiety and panic disorder. Dr. Star is a professional counselor, and she is trained in creative art therapies and mindfulness. Learn about our editorial policy Katharina Star, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on July 27, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on December 03, 2019 Joe Raedle/Getty Images News/Getty Images More in Panic Disorder Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Coping Related Conditions In This Article Table of Contents Expand Background Information How It Helps With Panic Side Effects Missing a Dose Ending Your Prescription Precautions and Contraindications View All Back To Top Prescription medication is one of the most common treatment options for panic disorder. Paxil (paroxetine) is one type of medication that is often used to treat panic disorder and other conditions. Background Information Paxil belongs to a category of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs. SSRIs first became available in the United States in the 1980s and have continued to remain popular ever since. Compared to other antidepressant medications available at the time, SSRIs were found to have fewer side effects while maintaining effectiveness and safety. Other common SSRIs include Prozac (fluoxetine), Celexa (citalopram), and Zoloft (sertraline). As the name implies, doctors originally prescribed antidepressants to help reduce the symptoms of depression. However, some of these medications, including Paxil, are now used to treat both mood and anxiety disorders. Currently, Paxil can be prescribed to treat a variety of conditions, such as aspects of bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia). SSRI Antidepressants Can Help Panic Disorder How It Helps With Panic Serotonin is a naturally-occurring chemical in the brain. As a neurotransmitter, serotonin helps in mood and sleep regulation, as well as other functions. People with mood and anxiety disorders are considered to have insufficient serotonin levels. Paxil works to balance a personâs level of serotonin by preventing brain cells from quickly absorbing it. Through balancing serotonin levels, Paxil can help enhance mood and reduce anxiety. Paxil can also help alleviate the symptoms of some common co-occurring conditions, such as depression or headaches. Side Effects Paxil will not work immediately to help reduce your symptoms of panic disorder. Improvements are typically noticed within several days to weeks of starting your prescription, but it can be several months before you experience the full benefits of Paxil. People taking Paxil have the potential to experience some side effects. Common Side Effects Typically, the side effects of Paxil gradually subside, but if they do not go away or become unmanageable, then contact your doctor to discuss options. NauseaSleep disturbancesDrowsinessFatigueDry mouthHeadachesSexual side effectsDizziness and lightheadednessChanges in weight and appetiteDigestive problems Severe Side Effects As with all medications, it is possible to have an allergic reaction to Paxil or experience a dangerous drug interaction while taking Paxil with other medications. Be certain that your doctor is aware of all prescribed and over-the-counter medications you are taking. Contact your doctor immediately, or call 911, if you experience any of the following severe side effects. Signs of an allergic reaction: swelling of the face, mouth, throat, or tongue, hives, rash, difficulty swallowing or breathingVomitingConfusionExtreme nervousness, irritability, or anxietyRapid heart rateSuicidal thoughts Paxil Side Effects and Precautions Missing a Dose If you miss your dosage of Paxil, try to take it as soon as you remember unless it is at or close to the time for your next dosage. Never take two doses at the same time; instead, take your regular dose and continue following your dosage schedule. Discontinuing Your Prescription Your doctor can help you to gradually reduce your dosage until you are completely off Paxil. Do not abruptly discontinue your prescription on your own, as this can possibly lead to some withdrawal-like symptoms, including: Worsening anxietyHeadachesDizzinessIrritability Understanding SSRI Discontinuation Syndrome Precautions and Contraindications Several precautions and contraindications should be considered when taking Paxil: Black box warning: In 2007, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an alert, warning that SSRI usage may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The FDA cautioned that this risk is especially an issue for adolescents and young adults who are taking SSRIs. Due to these concerns, young people on SSRIs should be observed for declining mood and suicidal thoughts.Pregnancy/nursing: It is possible for Paxil to be passed on to a child during pregnancy or while nursing. If you are planning to become pregnant, are currently pregnant, or are nursing, talk to your doctor about the potential risks of Paxil.Alcohol: You should avoid drinking alcohol while taking Paxil. Consuming alcohol can potentially increase the toxicity of Paxil or reduce its effectiveness.Older adults: When taking Paxil, older adults may be more susceptible to side effects. An adjustment in dosage may be needed to reduce side effects. The information provided here is meant to be an overview of the use of Paxil for panic disorder. The general information here does not cover all possible scenarios, such as potential adverse side effects, precautions, and contraindications. Always consult your medical provider about any questions and/or concerns you may have about your Paxil prescription.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
In Double Standard, James Russell discusses and compares the social policy welfare programs in the United States and Europe and how each country approaches the issue. In particularly, Russell explains how poverty is measured, poverty reduction, and the politics of poverty reduction. Research shows that poverty has been a social problem for over five decades in America. During the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, the issue of poverty was first identified as a social problem and countless efforts have been made to eradicate poverty in the United States. In 1964, the Kennedy-Johnson administration declared a Ã¢â¬Å"War on PovertyÃ¢â¬ after the publication of Michael HarringtonÃ¢â¬â¢s book, The Other America (1962). His book exposed how the other half lived in American society and became influential in beginning the process of addressing poverty. HarringtonÃ¢â¬â¢s views on poverty prompted government officials to initiate several social policies that resulted in a significant decline in poverty r ates across America during the late 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s and throughout the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s and beyond. During my research on the topic of poverty in the United States, it was necessary to get an idea of how the word is defined and how the meaning has changed over the years. Several sources included in their definition words such as material deprivation, low-income, scarcity, hardship, poor, or destitute as part of their definition. For the purpose of this paper, I will use the official definition that was provided by the federal government inShow MoreRelatedThe Social Welfare Policy And Social Programs Essay1674 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesaspects of the Social Welfare program, TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families). TANF is the final variation today of the many cash assistance programs that are available to children and families. In this paper we also focus on who is eligible for TANF and where the funds are going to. With a review of the literature it is shown that living off cash assistance is not easy and how it affects the participantÃ¢â¬â¢s life. There is also a look at unint ended consequences and why this program did not workRead MoreSocial Policy : An Undeserved Handout? The Truth About Welfare Programs972 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages M/W/F U/C 956 WORDS SOCIAL POLICY AN UNDESERVED HANDOUT? THE TRUTH ABOUT Ã¢â¬Å"WELFAREÃ¢â¬ 2/49 I would not expand the social welfare programs, I believe if we would expand the welfare program we would just be enabling more people. Why should they work or go school to better themselves to try and pull themselves out of poverty. When they can live off the governmentRead MorePublic Policy, Social Welfare Programs, Stakeholder Groups, And Joel Blau s Five Elements Model1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPublic policy refers to Ã¢â¬Å"a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of action, and funding priorities promulgated by governmental entity or its representativesÃ¢â¬ (Blau Abramovitz, 2014). One public policy that is gaining attention from United States Senators is the Expand Excellence in Mental Health Act. We can gain a better understanding of this act by taking a look at a recent public policy related to mental healthcare, the values in the Code of Ethics, social welfare programs, stakeholderRead MoreSocial Welfare Policies During The Transition Countries Of Central Asia732 W ords Ã |Ã 3 PagesSince graduation from National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, I have gained considerable research experience in Public finance and management. Specifically, I am interested in study of social welfare policies in transition countries of central Asia. I am concerned with the status of vulnerable groups of population-particularly, the aged, women, children, the disabled, and the poor. In most transition countries, the political and economic collapse of 90s had the devastating effects on theRead MoreWelfare Reform : Social Welfare Policy1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Social Welfare Policy Social Welfare Policy Analysis Eric Dean University of Arkansas Introduction Several states have recently begun to enact legislation that requires welfare recipients to submit to drug tests before they are eligible to receive any public assistance. The purpose of mandatory drug testing is to prevent the potential abuse of taxpayer money, help individuals with drug problems, and ensure that public money is not subsidizing drug habits (Wincup, 2014). WhileRead MoreWhat Is the Evidence of Welfare State Retrenchment ?1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is the evidence of welfare state retrenchment in western welfare states? 1. Introduction 1. Crisis of Welfare State At the end of the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, the welfare state moved into crisis (OECD, 1981; Rosanvallon, 1981). As the period of high economic growth ended and stagflation appeared, governments couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t afford the social expenditure which had been expanded before. Fiscal deficit appeared and unemployment rate started to increase with economic depression. The idea shared byRead MoreThe Social Work Policies1506 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Social Work Policies Social Welfare Q 1 Income support policies in the United States Income support policies in the United States view the monetary aspect of individual and family well-being. Income support policies are categorized into two that is direct cash transfers and indirect cash transfers. Income support programs are aimed at reducing poverty levels and boosting the economic growth of United States. Major historical developments took place in the late 1950s. In 1958, social securityRead MoreTemporary Assistance For Needy Families1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand Sanctions. The Policy Effects on Citizens and Social Work Practice ADEBAYO ADEKUNLE L. KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITYÃ¢â¬Æ' Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Work-First, Time-limits and Sanctions. The Policy Effects on Citizens and Social Work Practice Social Policy can refer to guidelines, principles, legislation and activities that affect the living conditions conducive to human welfare, such as a person s quality of life. The Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy at Harvard UniversityRead MoreWelfare to Work Programs Essays932 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespoverty that requires some type of social welfare policy. Poverty is not a stranger to the United States and therefore it created program such as welfare to assist the poor. The welfare system has evolved over the years sometime for the good and others for the bad. In 1996, President Bill Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. This law changes the way welfare function. This paper will examine welfare to work programs in the United States. I. StructuralRead MoreThe Role Of Federal Government On Social Welfare Programs993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGovernment Federal Government has the ability to create positive change in many social welfare systems. The support of the government ultimately determines the success of a social welfare program. They play an important role in the decisions of how funds are allocated and the importance of these various vulnerable populations. The federal government is used as a tool, to help implement and support social welfare programs. However, from my own opinion, it is sometimes lacking in the proper support needed
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Shutter Island Movie Review In our society, almost all of us take a person only for face value. Rarely do we ever look past the actions of a person and actually consider their motives or mental state. This is most likely because doing so requires a lot of understanding and knowledge of the phenomena of the human mind. This is where Psychology and Psychiatry come into play. Through these fields of study we are able to expand our knowledge and understanding of the inner works of the human mind. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s crazy if you think of it this way; but we just use our brains to study themselves, I mean what better way better way is there? Unfortunately, in this field of study this kind of logic has been taken to the extremes many times. In the past, psychological research ranged from simple personality tests to experiments in isolated institutions for the mentally unstable. Nowadays, it would be hard to find good examples of this but thanks to modern-day media we are able to see this extreme kind of research in full HD w ith his excellency, Leonardo DiCaprio, in Shutter Island. In Shutter Island, Leonardo DiCaprio plays the role of Teddy Daniels, an investigator and WWII veteran sent to a mental institution separated from the mainland. Teddy along with his partner Chuck Aule (played by Mark Ruffalo) are there to investigate the escape of a mental patient named Rachel Solando (played by Emily Mortimer/Patricia Clarkson). As the story unravels we start learning more and more about TeddyShow MoreRelatedMovie Review: Shutter Island Essay1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe movie Shutter Island is an excellent movie presenting memorable twists and not to mention, many aspects from a psychological point of view. The suspense thriller movie exceedingly measured up to its genre, providing the action and adventure to keep the audience at the edge of their seats. Shutter Island not only made the audience speculate, but the script had an apprehensive and steady flow. I argue that Shutter Island be considered art, based on the criteria of the plot and script. ThroughoutRea d MoreShutter Island Theory Essays1283 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA Shutter of Surprise Martin Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio teamed up in 2006 to bring the world the organized crime masterpiece, The Departed. The film was a huge success and swept the major awards at the Oscars that year, bring home such prizes as best picture and best director. The win cemented Scorsese as the greatest living filmmaker and he finally got the respect he deserves from the Academy. DiCaprio is one of the best actors of his generation. Titanic, The Aviator, and The Departed areallRead MoreCreative Writing About Shutter Island884 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescall myself a film buff, and I havenÃ¢â¬â¢t many of these so-called masters. But this review isnÃ¢â¬â¢t about David Lynch, itÃ¢â¬â¢s about fast-talking film entrepreneur Martin Scorsese. And thereÃ¢â¬â¢s been Taxi Driver, The Departed, Casino and now Shutter Island that IÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen. One thing I have been able to pick up from his movies, is that his subject matter tends to be either disconnected people from society or gangsters. Sh utter Island is the former and I feel itÃ¢â¬â¢s a bit like a cross between Taxi Driver and The GreenRead MoreHow Does The Hippocampus Plays A Vital Role? Memory Retrieval?1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshippocampus supports and the process in which retrieval occurs is an ongoing debate. The two theories that are dominant in this debate are the Standard Model of Systems Consolidation (SMSC) and the Multiple Trace Theory (MTT). This paper will provide a review on the evidence supporting these two composing theories, the research providing evidence against the models, and finally their limitations. Additionally, a novel theory coined the Competitive Trace Theory (CTT) will be reviewed in order to concludeRead MorePsychotherapy And Pharmaceutical Treatments Are Far More1938 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagespharmaceutical treatments are far more humane than past methods for treating mental illnesses. One scene in Shutter Island where these advancements can be seen is a conversation early in the film, between Teddy and Dr. Cawley. The doctor is still familiarizing Teddy with the facility, and he explains how patients were treated in the past versus the new psychotherapy treatment performed on the island. He begins by explaining that in the past it Ã¢â¬Å"used to be the kind of patients we deal with here were shackledRead MoreNature Of Symptoms And Diagnosis1694 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPart 2: Nature of Symptoms and DiagnosisÃ¢â¬ ¨ Although the movie never specifies what TeddyÃ¢â¬â¢s diagnosis was, Dissociative Identity Disorder is the primary disorder that he should be diagnosed with and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder should be secondary. Dissociative Identity Disorder is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct personality states. The multiple personalities differ in many areas including affect, behavior, memory, perception, cognition, and sensory and motor function. TheRead MoreWhose Reality Essay1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesconforming to the expected role of a 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s housewife. Another example includes the 2010 movie directed by Martin Scrosese titled Ã¢â¬ËShutter IslandÃ¢â¬â¢, which clearly highlights the importance of accepting the alternative realities created by the mentally weak. The filmÃ¢â¬â¢s protagonist Teddy Daniels believes himself to be a U.S marshal assigned to investigate the disappearance of a patient from Bostons Shutter Island mental institution. However, in true fact, Teddy is actually Andrew Laeddis, one of theRead MoreThe Good Son Directed By Joseph Ruben1629 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPsychological thrillers have been around since before 1940s. Some of the most famous psychological thriller films include Fight Club, Black Swan, Psycho, Shutter Island, and many more. Despite the astounding technical aspects in the Psychological Thriller film, The Good Son directed by Joseph Ruben, some believe an ethical issue may have ruined a good movie. The Good Son is based on an 11 year old boy, Mark Evans, who lost his mother to a long battle of cancer and was forced to stay with his aunts familyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Nocturnal Animals 1511 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNocturnal Animals is a movie written and directed and by the fashion juggernaut Tom Ford, who used capital earned from his brand to fund most of his movies and become a film director. In my opinion, Ford was extremely successful in transferring his artistry and creativity to cross the bridge from the fashion industry taking it to Hollywood. The movie features Amy Adams, known for her role as a supporting actress in the Superman movies which was not well received by the critics and American HustleRead MoreLeonardo Di Caprio2187 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesin the short-lived series based on the movie Parenthood. On set, he met another struggling child actor, Tobey Maguire. The two quickly became friends and made a pact to help each other find roles in TV and movies. After Parenthood, DiCaprio had bit parts on several shows, including The New Lassie and Roseanne, as well as a brief stint on the soap opera Santa Barbara, playing the young Mason Capwell. His debut film role was Critters 3, a B-grade horror movie, which later went straight to video. Soon
Boom! The virus hit us all like a giant atomic bomb. Where did it come from? Why is it spreading? Why is it killing us all? These are a few of the many questions that arose during the first few years that the AIDS virus hit America. The AIDS virus has been a deadly disease ever since the first few cases were reported. We will write a custom essay sample on The Effect of AIDS in America or any similar topic only for you Order Now After the first few reports of the AIDS virus, maximum precautions were taken, but the virus still spread. That was then, and now we are not preventing it. Since weÃ¢â¬ ve tripled our efforts to contain the virus, our results have not shown any impact in the amount of cases. That leads one to suspect that education of the virus is being emphasized in the wrong way to our society. For the America to conquer this virus, more education needs to be placed in the hands of African-Americans, children, and homosexuals. Anyone can be infected with the AIDS virus. This disease does not discriminate. People of all genders, race, ages, and nationalities are at risk (Internet). One of the problems resulting with the disease is that African-Americans, along with others, think that they are immune to this deadly virus. They believe that in America, it is a white gay disease. Although it originated in Africa, since white Americans brought it overseas, they are the only people who can get the disease. At least that is what African-Americans think. We as the ordinary people of the United States need to take education action. We need to show African-Americans that this is not some sort of Gods punishment on American white people. In our television ads, news articles, or any other way we distribute information about AIDS, we need to include the simple fact that this deadly virus does not discriminate. I believe that this will help lower the amount of African-American AIDS cases that we have in America. I believe that another problem facing the uninformed part of ordinary American society, is the fact that our children do not know enough about this deadly disease. Over 25,000 AIDS virus cases were reported involving children last year (Internet). Children can aquire the AIDS virus in two different basic fashions. For one, they can attain the deadly virus through a blood transfusion. Second of all, they can aquire the disease through being born into it. The only thing e can do for the children who need to have a blood transfusion is continue our blood screening medical advances, and continue the support of the doctors that make these medical advances. For the children who are born with the disease, well, we cannot do anything for these children exept treat them for the AIDS virus. These children were effected with the virus because of the fact that there parents did not take the proper safe sex precautions. Us ordinary people need to promote the education of parents about safe sex, and promote the education about safer blood transfusions. We need to make extra emphasis on this education because our children our the future of American society. Homosexuals these days seem to laugh in the face of danger. They laugh at oppressors,haters, and the AIDS virus. They believe that America has made so many medical advances, that they no longer need to worry about attaining the virus. They also believe that wearing a condom these days is a challenge to their manhood (Cunningham 703). Homosexuals were the original targets of the AIDS virus, as well as being labeled as the perpetrators of the disease in America. Ordinary society needs to continue the education of homosexuals by emphasizing that it still effects them as much as anyone else, if not more. The AIDS virus has swept through America like a giant sandstorm. We all know the basic facts about the virus, but all of us seem to be avoiding the statistics. AIDS still effects us as much as it always did, if not more. We as the ordinary society of America, need to push the proper forms of education about the deadly virus. We can no longer just sit around, let it take over our country, and just be satisfied with knowing the basics. We need to take imediate action. How to cite The Effect of AIDS in America, Papers
Saturday, April 25, 2020
Organisation Behavior Aspect in Fc Bayern Munich Essay One mall focus of our study by now was thereby the Interrelated links and relations teen Individuals, groups and society. This division can be used in all studies mentioned above and in many aspects of life, as we can divide family life, academically life and Job life into stages of individuals (ourselves), groups (family members/ fellow students/colleagues) and into the broader context of society. Until now, we saw the use of Organizational Behavior mainly In the explanation of the appearances of global companies such as KEA or Amazon. Com, companies started with an Idea to change either services, quality or products to be able to Join a globalizes race for customers. However, these changes have to be unique on the one hand or fulfilled perfectly on the other hand to build up successful companies like Angina Kampala of KEA or Jeff Bozos of Amazon. Com were able to do. The approach of our group with the subject matter of Organizational Behavior will be rather deferent from most of other papers you will receive and this will have following reasons: We chose to focus on the German football club FCC Brayer Munich and apply some of the concepts of organizational Behavior on the new appearance of this club. We think that leading a global company has to some extent similarities to eating an international football club, due to the fact that hierarchical structures (employees, Managers, Coos etc. Are given in both examples. Furthermore, global companies and international sport clubs have employees from different countries, which are an advantage and a challenge at the same time. Last but not least, the emotionally of profit Is Important, as It will lead In the companies example to the possibility to either buy better facilities, machinery or simply boost the value of its shares. The sport club will be able to buy better players, thereby increase its chance s o be more successful or built facilities like stadiums or training grounds. We will write a custom essay sample on Organisation Behavior Aspect in Fc Bayern Munich specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Organisation Behavior Aspect in Fc Bayern Munich specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Organisation Behavior Aspect in Fc Bayern Munich specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The selection of the team FCC Brayer Munich had special reasons, due to a rather bad performance two seasons ago, a null Investment took place Ana an International top team was established. This development is continuing during this season with the new coach Judger Clansman, a former German National Forward, who is introducing American ideas into the German sport. The paper will be divided as follows: After an introduction to the team FCC Brayer Munich and its staff, we will focus on the reasons for the changes which were decided by the teams executive road and the approach of Organizational Behavior aspects. Background Information about FCC Brayer Munich FCC Brayer Munich is located in the capital of Bavaria, Munich, one of Germanys sixteen federal states. The club won twenty-one national championships and fourteen German Football-Cup Finals, which makes it the most successful football team in national rankings. Next to the National titles, FCC Brayer is one of only four teams, which were able to win all BEEF club competitions (Beef-Cup, Champions League and Super-Cup). With roughly 140. 00 official members, the club is by far the arrest in Germany, only outranked by Benefice Lisbon, Manchester United, Arsenal London and FCC Barcelona worldwide. FCC Brayer Eunuchs football branch spin off 2002 from the other branches into the FCC Brayer Munich GAG and started its imposition from then onwards. The Football branch is divided into two teams, whereby we will focus on the main team, playing in Germanys first division, the so-called Bundestag and ignore the amateur-team with players below the age of 21 . The main team has twenty-one players, except of five all national players of their respective countries. Especially mentionable will be Luck Toni (Italian National), Franca Robbery (French National), Lucia (Brasilia National) and Lukas Paddocks, Bastion Eccentricities and Memorials Close (German Nationals). The whole team has a value of 254 MIM. Euros (roughly 381 billion Korean Won), which makes it the 9th most expensive team attending the I-Jeff Champions League 2008. Next to the value of the team, FCC Brayer has running costs, similar to normal companies, namely employees wages (although the wages of roughly 6 MIM. Euros for players like Close or Toni may be unlikely in the Job market for common employees) and among there, costs for the Lillian-Arena, the teams stadium, built for the FIFE World Championship 2006 in Germany. Fig. 1 FCC Brayer Eunuchs team for the season 2008/09 Fig 2. Lillian-Arena Nevertheless, FCC Brayer has a total assets amount of balance sheets according to 243,5 MIM. Euros, of which 29 MIM. Euros were profit before tax. Having introduced you to the team, its facilities and financial situation, we will focus in our second part on organizational Venerable approaches In professional football team. B Approaches in Sports ten amelioration AT a We want to start the second part with an explanation of the reasons for choosing our epic. Taking the relation between B and Management into account, we want to understand the reasons for developments in the above mentioned football club. A question we want to answer is thereby how the management used concepts and techniques to improve, e nhance or change employees behaviors. The changes are supposed to lead to a more effective work of the employees and could finally lead to benefits of single players (more wage, becoming national players etc. And the benefit of the whole organization by winning competitions and earning more profit due to enhanced success. As the season has started only three weeks ago, we will not be able to say to which extent the changes are successful or not. However, one focus will lay on the role of the management and its functions, namely the process of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling an organizations human, financial, material and other resources to increase its effectiveness (Do-Young Kim, Lecture At the beginning of our research stood the question if we can see the Notes). Am FCC Brayer Munich as an organization. Taking the following quote, namely that an organization is a collection of people who work together to achieve individual and organizational goals into account, we can say that also a sports team can be seen to an extent as organization. We would like to base this statement with following example: On the one hand, each player in the team has individual goals, so they try to achieve something for themselves, which can be either playing regularly, scoring goals, being so good that he is invited to his national team etc. On the other hand, the whole organization tries to accomplish goals; some of them could be winning championships, buying new players etc. According to these characteristics, we agreed as a group that a team is an organization. The question we asked our ourselves afterwards was to which extent we could analyze the role of the Management in Organizational Behavioral aspects and thereby see which efforts the clubs management made to achieve everyones goals. Due to this point we had a closer look at the process of planning, organizing, leading and controlling aspects of the club. The four functions of the management will thereby be explained from the beginning of the season. The planning aspect, where the decision of organizational goals takes place, was actually finished during the end of last season, when the management decided to offer Judger Clansman a Job as head coach. This was a break with former ideas as Clansman is an inexperienced, young coach, but has some new inputs to the sport due to influences from the USA. The Organizing stage was fulfilled with Clansman himself, when the executive board and the head coach bought some new players and employed an American coach to support Clansman. The new coaches then implemented the new players into the team and established their own rules and explained them to the team (among others, the players have to stay the whole day on ten clangorous Ana are not allowed to go none Tort lunch I Nils calicles was mace to form a team by simply letting the players also spend their free time together). Fig 3. The new coaches (Clansman and Vazquez centered) with their new players The next point in the functions of management is the leading aspect, where the leading and coordination of groups and individuals towards the organizations goals took place. This happened not only in FCC Brayer Munich, but happens in all football teams during the summer break, when new players or coaches are implemented and the goals for the upcoming season are determined. The last point, the controlling aspect however, can only be fulfilled after the season, when the season can be evaluated and actions can be undertaken regarding the improvement of performance. This improvement may be buying new players or in the worst case for the coach the firing of the old and hiring of a new coach. We furthermore emphasized the Managerial Skills, which can be divided into three steps. Nevertheless, the implementation of this concept on a football team might not be as clear as in an organization or company, where managers in different positions are giving specific input into the daily routine. We therefore introduced the Managerial Skills aspect on the Skills of the teams players. FCC Brayer Munich has therefore respectively players with technical skills, which is the lowest level. It includes specific football knowledge and techniques (shooting, passing, running etc. ), however also the lowest level is rather high, as the observed team is one of the best in Europe. In the next level we are observing leading players, with the ability to work with, understand, lead and control the behavior of other people and groups. We thereby want to mention players in the team, which have the mentioned qualities ND are able to lead own players in the team and understand the way of playing of different players (the German National players Eccentricities, Poodles and Alma for example). The last and most important skills for managers and players are the conceptual skills, which are the abilities to analyze and diagnose a situation and to distinguish cause and effect. Transfer this aspect from managers to professional football players, we are looking for players which have the ability to read the game and the opponents way of playing. With this ability, those few players can change their own teams tactics and thereby distinguish the cause for heir own weak play already during the game. Such ability have only some players, as it is the hardest to achieve and the way to get it is a mix of talent and experience on equal terms. Only three players in the team of FCC Brayer Munich may have conceptual skills, namely Lucia (captain of Brasilia National Team), Franca Robbery (French National player) and Luck Toni (Italian National player and World Champion 2006 with Italy). Having talked about the functions of management and players in FCC Brayer Munich, we are now going to cover the part of Challenges in Organizational Behavior, whereby our focus will lie on changing cultural environment and challenges of diversity. Lacking ten generalness AT ten canalling cultural environment Into account, one NAS to say that since the late sasss a break in professional football teams all over the world occurred. Due to the possibility to earn more money on the one hand and play against the best players in European club competitions, more and more players from non-European countries, especially South America, Joined European teams. In our example, FCC Brayer Munich has at its disposal in the season 2008/2009 fourteen reign players from eight different countries and only seven German players. These developments have undeniable advantages, as teams are now able to hire good foreign players, but there are also risks in this process. Players from different backgrounds might probably not be able to cope with the host countries culture, as a player from Korea for example with his cultural background, based on interdependence, group homogeneity and the sacrifice of the Individual over group, might face serious problems to integrate himself in a German team, where the culture is characterized by independence and privacy. Among others, Korean star layer Jung-Wan Ann. was not able to deal with the cultural differences during his time for German team MS Disturb and left the team after half a season. Fig 4. Jung-When Ann. in Disburse Jersey before he left the team for Swoon Blue Wings To prevent a situation where talented players fail only because of cultural differences, FCC Brayer Munich did not save any expenses to reduce cultural differences to a minimum. Among other changes, players have to spend, as already mentioned, their free time during the day together. Thereby any loneliness of foreign players can be prevented. Furthermore, as the team has Muslim, Buddhist and Christian players, the managers decided to establish praying rooms for each religious groups, where each player can pray and have a break. One aspect of cultural differences can be food. This aspect was nevertheless solved some time ago in professional football teams throughout Germany, as especially professional players need a specific diet with carbohydrates and vitamins. As the German food is rather heavy and contains lots of unhealthy fat, FCC Brayer Munich employed a French Chief, which is not only cooking for the players during the week, but is also Joining the team for games during the weekend. Thereby the managers an guarantee a healthy diet and minimize the risk of food poisoning etc. The food example makes quite clear, that during the change of social and cultural environment, also some aspects of ones own culture must be abolished and aspects of other cultures must be overtaken, when those are more in line with the organizations goals (e. G. Abolishing German food and taking French and Italian food, as it is more healthy). The last aspect we are focusing on is the aspect of Diversity Challenges. Taking the aspect of Fairness and Justice into account, namely equal employment opportunities, whereby educational and national aground should play no significant role, we can see that these aspects are given in FCC Brayer Munich during the actual season even more than ever before. Although Tort many years Torrent players are playing Tort ten team, never Detour a Torrent player was allowed to be the teams captain, as it was some kind of unwritten rule, that only a German may be the captain of Germanys most successful football team. Only new coach Clansman was finally ready to change that fact, by giving the player the role of captain, who might be the best person for the Job due to his qualities and characteristics and not because of his nationality. So, for the first time in the teams history, a non-German, namely Dutch National Player Mark van Boomed became captain of the team, bringing the fairness and Justice level within the team to a complete new level. Talking about the challenges, the question arise if organizations can benefit from different attitudes and perspectives of people with diverse backgrounds? In the world of sports this question can be answered with a yes. Although challenges are given (different cultures etc. ), the overall new achievement of a pool of new ideas and creativity is overwhelming. This becomes clear by looking to only at FCC Brayer Eunuchs best players, which are foreigners, but taking the World Cup 2002 in Korea and Japan into account. At this event the Korean National team has achieved a 4th place with their Dutch coach Gus Hidden, who mixed European discipline with Asian technique, leading to the best result of an Asian team in FIFE World Cups until now. Conclusion Summarizing our argumentation, we agreed on the fact that a sports team can also be seen due to some characteristics as an organization. As this precondition was given, the question was to which extent a division of management would be able in a ports team, where usually a rather low hierarchical structure exists. Nevertheless, the four functions of management can also be implemented to different stages during the season of a team and managerial skills. Although not assigned to managers, players performance could be explained with managerial skills. In the last part we talked about challenges for organizational behavior and mentioned the fact that, although challenges are given, facing those and employing foreigners for a team in any position (coaches, players etc. ) can lead to an improvement of a teams performance.